Many of us wonder about “Why is there any need for responsible travel in the Himalayas?”. In the past seven years, tourism in Ladakh has risen like anything without any control or regulations by authorities.

Many senior travelers and lovers of Ladakh, including myself, who love this, once upon a time remote place, named Ladakh, now see much filth, garbage, and litter in-season time & hence, try to avoid visiting it in summers.

However, even winter tourism is not behind and is on the verge of matching the issues with the rise of Instagram age. Demolition and degradation of Chadar trek experience are one of the examples.

Why is it happening?

The only thing that has changed is the rise of domestic tourists in all these years. Forgive me on telling the bitter truth, but you know it is true, don’t you? It is majorly the domestic tourists who litter like anything on the shores of holy Pangong Tso or Tso Moriri, at remotest passes, in remote corners and where not.

They will slide the windows down of their moving cars and shamelessly throw out those empty plastic bottles or plastic wrappers, open the window. They do not even realize that they are disturbing the ecological balance, flora, and fauna. It does not stop there, as many of them will cross the limits to stand out of the crowd for that unique picture or an exclusive video to make them viral.

They don’t care if driving inside Pangong Tso lake or riding into restricted border areas will get them that viral photo or a video to boost their temporary social media presence.

And why do they do it?

Well, I will say it is nothing but lack of civic sense, empathy towards the environment, and understanding how they are damaging the ecological balance with such irresponsible behavior. Some of them do it for the mere show off or to get themselves viral on the short-lived social media. They leave a long term impact on the environment.

Confronting them means getting into trouble, spoiling the mood, sometimes taking on punches, and derailing your trip. Locals have closed their eyes, and they don’t come forward to your rescue. Aah, my heart bleeds as I write all this but anyway let’s come back to topic 🙂 🙂 …

Sunrise, with rays of hopes
Sunrise, with rays of hopes

How can you help?

You can help save this beautiful heaven on earth called Ladakh from this filth & littering by learning, following, sharing, spreading, and educating about some of the below-mentioned tips for responsible travel in the Himalayas.

Really? Alone I can help bring this change?

I believe every step or a bit count to the overall success of anything. If you can participate, then together, we can bring the much-needed change, and its long-lasting impact will be inevitable. The change starts from you, runs into your family, and then beyond.

This practice is what I have followed in my life so far, starting from myself and then educating my family’s existing and coming generations. Bringing a change in your circle of influence will help you participate in a more significant cause.

I started my journey alone in Discover with Dheeraj™. But then over the last seven years, I have been able to bring change in the lives of at least 200-250 individuals (that I can count) through various initiatives in the DoW community about responsible travel in the Himalayas. It is not those 200-2500 individuals; it is their whole circle of influence, including their families, which will get impacted by their learning and awareness.

Let’s look at these tips for responsible travel in the Himalayas one by one.

Tips on responsible travel in the Himalayas
Tips on responsible travel in the Himalayas

Download your FREE high-resolution version pdf copy of this infographic guide about tips on responsible travel in the Himalayas. If, you liked it and found it helpful, please feel free to share it with your family and friends to help them too.

Responsible Travel Tips – Himalayas

I will kick-start with the first three most important ones, and we can keep posting others in the subsequent posts. Looking forward to all your tips/views/thoughts/suggestions/inputs 🙂

1. DO NOT litter

The first and the foremost thing: Please DO NOT litter around in the mountains. You must love them and protect them as you do your home. Every individual in your group MUST ensure that they bring their trash back from the day’s travel, especially the plastics wrappers, or at least put them into the dedicated dustbin.

If you are self-driving, the best thing I will suggest is to carry a couple of large bags or bins with you in your car. You should put in it all the trash of wafers, toffees, chocolates, etc.. This will help you keep all the garbage in a single place. And once some garbage bin is available nearby, you can throw it there or empty the bin.

Whenever possible, you should strive hard to bring the trash back in the nearest city or town with the proper waste management system instead of dumping up in the Himalayan region.

Do read this eye-opening article on Ladakh: A Disaster in the making!

Ghosts of Gata Loops served Water Bottles
Ghosts of Gata Loops served Water Bottles

2. Always carry a refillable water bottle

I feel one of the significant waste/garbage littered in the Himalayas is the “Plastic Water Bottles” as they tend to get crushed, making them unusable after 2-3 refillings. Some folks even don’t bother refilling.

I believe if you carry your own single durable waterbottle/sipper, which can be re-filled, instead, you crush & throw it. It will help the environment tremendously by lowering the littering that happens in the Himalayas due to empty water bottles.

Imagine that ordinary people make a 10-12 days road trip to Ladakh. It is recommended to drink about 2-2.5 liters of water a day, which makes it about 40-50 water bottles of 500ml each. Consider your car with an optimum group size of 5 people; this makes it 200-250 bottles of trash per car.

You can see that with just this small step, how much you can contribute towards saving the environment in the Himalayas.

3. Enjoy the music but restrict the volume to yourself

Typically people from the plains tend to play loud music in their cars in the mountains. Now with the emergence of technology, the Bluetooth speakers can emit good sound pollution in such remote areas of the Himalayas.

It sounds very jarring, destroys peace and tranquility of the place, and startles the local fauna. If you must, turn down the volume or even better, use earphones or headphones (definitely not while driving).

I have seen groups creating annoyances to others, creating scenes after getting drunk, and dancing till 4 AM. Very disappointing.

If you are not aware, the high mountain passes are almost like places of worship for the locals because of their humbleness that the two routes are connected. They believe that the purity of the sites shall not be disturbed at all and, by all means, always RESPECTED !!

Always carry a water bottle
Always carry a water bottle

4. Benefit & promote the local Himalayan people with your travel

It is always better to stay with local families and talk to the people around the remote Himalayan village to understand and support their cultural values and beliefs. Staying with locals creates a great sense of connection to the place you are traveling. You are not just going for the sake of it BUT to learn something good in your life from the locals.

Staying in homestays or small guest houses run by local families benefit them monetarily as well, and you get a chance to indulge in their day to day life getting lessons of life which otherwise sleeping in a comfortable hotel are far off the tracks.

Hire local villagers as guides, their porters or their local horsemen for trekking, so that the local Himalayan people who are in real need get the benefit from your travel. This practice is no less than a cause you are doing for their community or locality.

Eat at local dhabhas, restaurants, small eateries, etc.. run by local people and even buy items in need, including packed food from the small shops available in such villages. This practice will help them greatly.

Finally, come back and publish such details back over in travel communities over the Internet (do not forget Discover with Dheeraj™ :)). This way, you will be promoting and helping them even after travel, which goes a long way in cementing the transformations in their lives.

Well, I know there are quite very popular but polluted with greed destinations in the Himalayas. However, that is not in general. Most locations or destinations in the Himalayas are still far away from such kind of polluted greed of locals where they tend to exploit the tourists at worse.

Hence, it is safe to go with the idea of promoting as well as benefiting the local lives of Himalayan people, especially in the remote and tribal belts.

5. Try your best to conserve natural resources, whenever possible

On our trips to the Himalayan destinations, we come across streams, creeks, rivers, lakes, ponds, and waterfalls – each with its beauty and attitude. In our enthusiasm, we sometimes frolic in or near these water bodies.

While fun is essential, it is critical to remember the larger picture. These are the sources of freshwater for the flora, fauna, and people (and in no small extent for much of India).

Please do not pollute these sources. Correctly, never use soap, detergents, oil, or any such substance near or in these sources, for washing, cooking, or bathing. Enjoy them but responsibly.

A small village in Ladakh - Korzok
A small village in Ladakh – Korzok

A. Conserving Air

I can never over-emphasize the need to maintain the purity of the air that we breathe and live in. Especially in the Himalayas (true elsewhere also), each one of us is responsible for our actions. In the higher Himalayas, the air in itself is thin, causing AMS due to a lack of oxygen level.

Let’s look at some of the things we can do to help.

  • Never start a fire with a synthetic substance (rubber, plastic, synthetic fabric, etc.) – these emit toxic smoke/fumes and destroy the already depleted oxygen levels in the high mountains of Ladakh and Spiti Valley.
  • Where necessary, use natural gas (burns completely and emits no smoke or toxic fumes) or at worst dry grass or fallen wood.
  • Avoid wet grass/wood; they will take long-time lighting, will be smoky, and are a low heat coefficient.
  • Do not keep your vehicle idling longer than necessary.
  • Do not accelerate beyond what is necessary. It will help your vehicle as well as the environment.
  • Do not carry/use CFC based aerosols (Deodorants, perfumes, hair spray, etc.).

B. Beware of a fire hazard

When you must light a fire (for heat/light/safety), take extreme caution to select a place that is not windy (cinders fly and can cause serious fire hazards).

Ideally away from any surrounding vegetation, dig a small pit, and surround the hole with stones to keep the wind out. Check for wind direction and light a fire where even if there were cinders, they would fly away from any vegetation or straw stocks of the village homes.

Once through, extinguish the fire completely, pour water to ensure that no cinders are left, fill the pit with the surrounding soil and place the stones on top of the loose dirt.

A note on Bonfires

Avoid bonfires unless necessary for heat/light and safety. Firewood is a scarce resource in cold deserts like Ladakh and Spiti. Burning them for fun is equally irresponsible if you want it, better to keep it for a minimal time.

Monks from Ladakh
Monks from Ladakh

6. DO NOT disturb the wildlife

Well, I know that it is a fundamental thing. BUT still, I want to stress upon it because I have seen some people throwing stones at birds at Pangong Tso. They do it for fun or to get that perfect shot of birds flying in the background and a pristine lake.

Strange but true.

One must always act and protect the wildlife from any disturbances which are annoying for them. Posing for a photo with them as is in the background still makes sense as neither you’re are disturbing them physically nor destroying their home.

So, watch your actions accordingly by considering if a similar thing happens to your children too by animals or humans and they are helpless to respond to the call…

7. Stop leaving behind your Graffiti or artwork skills

At too many places, people have this urge to record their presence at every site that they reach. Pristine areas get defaced, and in its place are ugly announcements of either somebody’s visit or their love for some other individual.

Tree barks, stones, benches, milestones – everything and anything is game for such folks. We should, please leave the sites in their natural state.

Like someone said, ‘take nothing but memories and photographs, leave nothing but footprints…’

8. Avoid touching the prayer flags & Mani walls

When traveling to Buddhist places like Ladakh, Spiti Valley, Zanskar, Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim, etc.. you can see prayer flags at almost many places. Or, you will see stones stacked up at locations in the form of Mani Walls, all having sacred mantras on them.

PLEASE DO NOT touch by hand or by foot or sit or stand on them.

These prayer flags or mani stones, or other sacred things in the high lands of the Himalayas or anywhere, are there for a purpose. Locals believe that they spread the purity as well as protect us by spreading across the wind flowing in all directions of the globe from these high mountain passes or places.

Touching these sacred things unbalances their purity and are always taken negatively by locals as a matter of disrespect to their culture.

Wildlife in the Himalayas
Wildlife in the Himalayas

9. Respect the local culture and traditions

Many of us, who are ‘western-educated,’ display a cultural arrogance when we meet locals. Appreciating and respecting local customs is part of our education that broadens our horizons beyond what we know.

A lot of local traditions, customs, rituals may seem irrational to our ‘Westernized’ minds, but hey, those are the traditions that the locals have lived with for decades (and maybe centuries). We are nobody to judge them.

So, even if you disagree, do not debate there and keep your opinion to yourself and participate respectfully if not reverentially.

Always do things in the clockwise direction

When walking or driving or riding across the Buddhist stupas, flags, rotating the prayer wheels, getting around the mani walls, monasteries, etc.. you will mostly find the space around them is quite broad. The idea of the area behind them is to walk or drive or ride across them always in a clockwise direction only.

Even I have seen people rotating the prayer wheels in the directions they walk or enter a place due to convenience and lack of awareness. Well, instead of comfort, one MUST always walk down the other end and then rotate these prayer wheels in the CLOCKWISE direction only.

10. Ask for permission before taking photographs of locals, especially females

This practice is not only valid for the Himalayas, but anywhere in the world. It is always advisable to seek permission before clicking a photograph of any person.

When in the remote villages of the Himalayas, be very respectful and must ask for permission before taking photos of the females in the house or village.

11. Avoid offroading on wetlands/grasslands for the fun sake

You must avoid offroading on wetlands/grasslands just for the sake of fun. In the Himalayas, these wetlands/grasslands are scarce resources for food and waters for the wildlife/animals in that region. These are present to maintain the overall ecology of the environment at those places.

Offroading or driving unnecessarily while the road has been built around such plains, meadows, etc.. for example, Moore Plains on Manali Leh Highway, plains around coming from Tso Moriri to Tso Kar, etc.. where wildlife presence is much more, shall always be avoided.

Have fun but be responsible as well at the same time.

Follow the Local Rules - A Step Forward in Responsible Travel
Follow the Local Rules – A Step Forward in Responsible Travel

12. Responsible driving/riding tips

Yes, you can be a responsible driver or rider, not just a responsible traveler. Let me share some general tips for being a responsible driver or rider on your Himalayan trips.

It is essential to know these basics of some not-so-known rules to people like us who are accustomed to driving in plains. Knowing them will surely help us make a responsible driver or rider.

  • A vehicle coming up the incline should have the first right of the way.
  • When driving on a narrow section of the road and you see another vehicle approaching in the distance, stop at a place where both can pass. Do not think that you must keep moving expecting the other one to stop.
  • Use Horns at blind turns. But no pressure horns, please.
  • If you want to click a picture, make sure you park your vehicle safely in a place where it does not obstruct the moving traffic.
  • NO OVERTAKING on curves.

Special note on breaking queues

The city dwellers get this habit of breaking a queue on the road to get the first pass and end up blocking the way from the other side. While in cities, streets are broad and situations may be managed by causing long traffic jams, it’s not the same case in hills.

I strongly recommend everyone to wait in the queue to at least inquire what is wrong. Not just that, urge your taxi drivers to follow the same as well.

These are some very BASIC but very IMPORTANT points! Unfortunately, these are very uncommon on our roads…

Do not forget to check my important tips on self-drive trip to Leh Ladakh

13. Be ready to help others

Being helpful and generous is one of the keys to being a great traveler. Traveling in the Himalayas can be lonely at times and challenging too. Hence, extend your help to other fellow travelers, trekkers, or locals who need something stranded in the middle of nowhere.

Don’t just ignore and cross someone in need in the Himalayas because you never know when you might need one on the next turn too. Your help or even merely stopping and asking for any need for support may save lives or be at least comforting to the ones who are stranded.

Eating at local dhabhas at Manali Leh Highway
Eating at local dhabhas at Manali Leh Highway

14. Carry out cleanliness drives on any day of your tour at mountain passes and lakes

While traveling in the Himalayas, the high mountain passes are almost desolated. Still, while taking pictures around the milestones, people pollute or litter around plastics and things around such passes. Similarly, there is a sorry state of our most beautiful lakes as well in the Himalayas.

What you can do as a responsible tourist or traveler is that you or your group can involve locals around the lakes or at passes (if any otherwise DIY ;)) and organize that day as cleanliness drive.

You can pick up at least all the plastics, pet bottles, etc.. or other trash is thrown by some nerds around these passes and lakes. Then put them into the bin or bag you are carrying with you and finally throw them into the nearest dustbin. Whatever you bring back to the cities will surely help a tiny bit in protecting and preserving the nature plus the beauty of our Himalayas.

15. Make Friends

Yes, in the end, don’t forget to make friends with the locals or other travelers. I have been friends with so many folks from my travels, including travelers and locals, both. Some of them are part of my extended family now.

Sometimes knowing the locals will help you get information or updates that you may never find mentioned in any book or any article over the Internet.

A common practice I try to follow is to click the pictures of the locales and as a goodwill print those pictures and send them as postcards to them. You will soon be making best friends forever and will feel a strong bond with the place to cherish the memories forever.

Making Friends in the Himalayas
Making Friends in the Himalayas

Thanks to Tapan Ji, Sandeep, Neeraj, and VPGupta Ji for contributing some of these tips in the DwD Community Forums.


So, now that you know about these responsible travel tips for the Himalayas, would you be interested in implementing them or learning from them? No one can force us to follow these basic things which are required to be followed when traveling in the remote areas of the Himalayas.

Have a travel question?? You can subscribe to my YouTube channel and leave a comment to ask your travel questions about traveling to the Himalayas.

So, it is crucial we teach and spreads them slowly and take one step at a time to learn & practice them on our trips. We must start by fixing our wrongdoings first, then move on to the family and then spread into our circle of influence further.

Teaching our kids these common civic sense practices right from the early ages will go in a long way in changing the mindset towards responsible travel in the Himalayas.

Do comment below in the article if you have any other responsible travel tips that other travelers should practice. I will be happy to add them to the article.

If you believe in these tips and want to spread the word about them, do not forget to share this article with your family and friends.


I am Dheeraj Sharma - a traveler, techie, and Himalayan lover. Since 2009, I have been helping thousands of travelers every year plan memorable & budget-friendly trips to the Himalayas - Smartly, Safely, and responsibly.


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  2. Is it possible to do noida- sach pass- kishtwar if I start my journey on May 15 2019 on motorcycle (solo)